Pick and Pack is the most common operation in order fulfillment and a popular service offered by many Fulfillment Centers. It is a process by which the individual components of an order are gathered from a high velocity pick location or master cartons (Picked) and then placed into a box or envelope addressed to a specific order (Packed). The Pick and Pack process sounds simple, but it requires a high degree of coordination, organization and attention to detail to run efficiently and accurately.
Pick and pack is:
- most laborious in a typical warehouse
- up to 55% of warehouse operating cost
- direct influence on order accuracy and delivery time
- 50 % of the total order-picking time spent on unproductive traveling
Pick and pack methods should be considered for order fulfillment efficiency.
- Routing – determines the sequences and routes of picking
- Storage – assigns items to inventory location based on some rules (velocity, logistics unit, etc.)
- Order batching – groups two or more orders for picking purpose
- Performance – considers size of layout of warehouse, profiles of orders, labor capacity, material handling equipment, etc.
- Combination of the above.
- Most frequently accessed items in the locations nearest to the shipping area.